Unemployment insurance will experience changes in 2022, what are they?

Recipients of unemployment insurance are impatiently awaiting the new operating measures already mentioned by the government. The executive wishes to consolidate the rules in force in terms of return to work and compensation. What are the changes planned by the new unemployment insurance reform project?

Focus on the changes provided for by the new unemployment insurance reform

If you are already a beneficiary of the ARE (return to work allowance), be aware that the amount goes from €29.56 per day to €30.42 per day. You should also know that there is a fixed part of the AER. This progresses slightly from €12.12/day to €12.47/day.

The 2022 unemployment insurance reform project provides for more extensive changes. Indeed, the government aims to extend the compensation rules currently in force. Remember that the draft of the new reform was already presented to the Council of Ministers on September 7th.

The measures relating to unemployment insurance were enacted during the first five-year term of the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron. They expire on October 31. The draft of the new unemployment insurance reform plans in particular to extend these rules until 2023.

In addition to the extension of the compensation rules, other changes are on the agenda:

  • The overhaul of the validation of acquired experience (VAE)
  • The adjustment of unemployment benefit conditions according to the economic situation
  • Change the duration of unemployment benefit by 24 months
  • Change the number of months worked necessary for the opening of unemployment.

A quick reminder of the changes already in effect since 2021

Let us not forget that various measures have already been adopted for unemployment insurance in 2021. There is in particular the bonus-malus on short contracts. It makes it possible to modulate the unemployment insurance contribution rate (currently at 4.05%), upwards or downwards, depending on the rate of separation of eligible companies.

The calculation of unemployment benefit was also changed on October 1, 2021. The daily reference wage is determined by dividing the wages received over the last 24 months by the days worked or not. Taken into account in the calculation of the allowance, the number of days not worked will be limited to 13 days not worked out of 30. It should also be noted that unemployment benefits are degressive for high incomes.

Note that the list of beneficiaries of unemployment insurance is not restricted. Civil servants and private sector employees are eligible. Of course, there are always some conditions to be met.

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