Iran – Joint Statement by France, Germany and the United Kingdom (10 September 22)

We, the governments of France, Germany and the United Kingdom, have been negotiating with Iran in good faith since April 2021 to restore and fully implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) together with other participants in the agreement and the United States. In early August, after a year and a half of negotiations, the JCPoA coordinator presented a final set of texts that would allow for an Iranian return to fulfilling its JCPoA obligations and a US return to the agreement.

In this last package, the coordinator made further changes that brought us to the limit of our flexibility. Iran has unfortunately chosen not to seize this critical diplomatic opportunity. Instead, Iran continues to escalate its nuclear program far beyond any plausible civilian justification.

As we neared an agreement, Iran reopened separate issues relating to its legally binding international obligations under the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and its NPT safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This latest demand raises serious doubts about Iran’s intentions and commitment to a successful outcome of the JCPoA. Iran’s position is contrary to its legally binding obligations and jeopardizes the prospects of restoring the JCPoA.

In June, the IAEA’s Governing Council overwhelmingly passed a resolution calling on Iran to take urgent action to answer the agency’s outstanding questions. Three months later, Iran has taken no action at all as confirmed by the IAEA Director General’s latest report.

Our position remains clear and stable. Iran must fully and without delay cooperate in good faith with the IAEA. It is up to Iran to provide technically credible answers to the IAEA’s questions about the whereabouts of all nuclear material on its territory. The JCPoA cannot in any way be used to release Iran from legally binding obligations essential to the global non-proliferation regime.

Given Iran’s failure to put the deal on the table, we will consult with international partners on how best to address Iran’s continued nuclear escalation and non-cooperation with the IAEA on its NPT safeguards agreement.

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