Ikea, Microsoft, Nestlé … 200 companies call on States to respect their commitments

Limit warming to 1.5°C is a limit, not a goal “. Major companies such as Ikea, Microsoft, Bayer, EDF, H&M, Ikea, Nestlé, Saint-Gobain, Unilever, or even Volvo signed an appeal on Saturday urging governments to respect their commitments in the fight against climate change.

Governments around the world agreed in 2015 to try to limit the average global temperature rise to 1.5°C under the Paris Agreement, seen as a major step forward in the fight against climate change. climate change. But greenhouse gas emissions have been rising steadily ever since, and scientists say the target may not be met without rapid and deep reductions.

According to the UN, the current commitments of the various countries leave the planet on the trajectory of a catastrophic warming of 2.8°C. This is well beyond the objectives of the Paris agreement, the cornerstone of the fight against climate change. A landmark report released on Friday added to the sense of urgency, calculating that greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels will hit record highs again in 2022.

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A clear 1.5°C target to guide business

We need governments, starting with the world’s most advanced economies, to maintain their commitment to limit warming to 1.5°C and act quickly to implement it. », Indicates this declaration, signed by 200 companies, including some from sectors pointed out for their negative environmental impact, and also by institutions such as the International Chamber of Commerce.

It is an important initiative which underlines that we must see 1.5° not as a goal or something vague but as the limit for a livable world. “, declared in front of journalists the former Irish president, Mary Robinson, who leads the “ sages », a group founded by Nelson Mandela bringing together former leaders working for peace in the world. ” This is for governments, those here at the COP who have yet to raise their national ambitions as they promised in Glasgow, and in particular the G20 who will be meeting next week in Bali, explained Mary Robinson.

It’s really, really important that governments start taking seriously their responsibilities to halve global emissions by 2030 as they rise. This is madness! she exclaimed.

María Mendiluce, Managing Director of the Coalition of Businesses Committed to the Climate We Mean Business stressed the importance of maintaining a clear 1.5°C target to guide business. ” Once you set yourself a budget and a limit, then you can deliver results. “, she argued.

Some countries still opposed to this 1.5°C objective

However, this objective is not yet fully unanimous. A few countries have objected to mentioning the global goal of limiting warming to 1.5°C in the official text of the COP27 summit in Egypt, the United States’ special envoy for the climate, John Kerry. “ There are very few countries, but a few, that have raised the issue of not mentioning this or that word “, he declared during a conference. ” But the fact is that in the Glasgow document that was adopted, the terms are there. And I know (…) that Egypt does not intend to be the country that would take a step back from what was achieved in Glasgow added John Kerry in reference to last year’s COP summit in Scotland.

(With AFP and Reuters)